Sunday, September 28, 2008

让 Google Blog Search 收录文章

Google 除了网页搜索外,还有个专门搜索博客文章的引擎,叫做 Blogsearch。基于 Google Blogger 构建的博客里面,反向链接的数据就来源于此。每次打开 Blogger 文章页面,实际上都会通过 JavaScript 作一次 Blogsearch 搜索,并把返回结果作为反向链接显示。

你可能觉得既然 Google 网页搜索都收录了,那同是一家的 Blogsearch 一定也收录了。事实并非如此。

通过 Google 的 Webmaster 管理工具 向 Google 提交自己的 Sitemap,有利于让 Google 在第一时间收录网站更新的页面,但是,这仅限于网页搜索。

最近发现 Blogsearch 似乎没有收录我的文章,仔细查看发现居然已经有两个月之久了,而这些文章通常在发布后快则数小时慢则最多一天内就被网页搜索收录,很是诧异。Google 了一把,找到这篇文章分析原因,说是因为 Blogsearch 和 Feedsky 的自定义域名不兼容有关。

我确实是在 FeedBurner 被封后改在页面上使用 Feedsky 的服务,但对于 Google 的 Blogsearch,向来是由 FeedBurner 自动去 Ping 的,就算 FeedBurner 被封但这个机制应该是仍然在工作的。而且要出问题早该出了,也不至于是在最近这两个月发生吧。百思不得其解,打开 FeedBurner 仔细查看了一下设置,发现设置中“Publicize » PingShot » Google Blog Search Pinging Service”前面的复选框没有勾上!难怪 Blogsearch 不收录文章了,都没人通知它了啊…… 至于为什么 FeedBurner 上这个选项是关闭就不得而知了。如果你也使用 FeedBurner 的服务,也发现 Blogsearch 收录有问题,那么最好也去检查一下。

把这个选项打开后,为了以防万一,又到 Blogsearch 的网址提交页面重新提交了一下网站的 feed 地址。大约过了一小时后,最近两个月没有被收录的文章就立即能够被搜索到了。注意这是一次性的通知服务,如果没有自动 Ping 的机制,则每次网站更新后都要手动执行这个操作。

如果使用其它支持自动 Ping 的 BSP 的话,可以添加 Blogsearch 的 Ping 服务 API 地址:
http://blogsearch.google.com/ping/RPC2
如使用 WordPress 的话,在 Update Services 里面添加这个地址就可以了。更多详细内容可以参考 Blogsearch 的常见问题API 接口文档

Updated on 2008/10/29:

实践证明,使用 Google Blog Search 对 Google 文章的收录是有显著成效的。如下图,在文章发布后,立即 Ping 了 Google Blog Search,不多久就被收录;9 分钟后,Google 的网页搜索便也收录了这篇文章。

Google 网页搜索在 9 分钟内久收录了新文章

12 comments:

睡到自然醒blog said...

呵呵,感觉主要原因还是没提供原始的feed rss

Ryan Jin said...

受益了,谢谢

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